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FED NKVD USSR (Ukr.SSR) Camera - Type 2


Киев Украина дальномерный фотоаппарат, фотокамера, камера , Харьков Харьковский комбинат завод ФЭД Фэликс Эдмундович Дзержинский, FED Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Commune Kharkov 35mm ukrainian camera

Technical information
Lens name Focal length Aperture range Distance from Shutter speeds Mount
FED Industar-10 #10489 50 3,5-18 1,0m Z, 1/20-1/500 M39
General information
Manufacturer Ukraine-FED


Serial number 10469 The FED was not only the first 35mm camera in the former Soviet Union, but is also the earliest Leica copy known. The 0-series of the FED comprises three cameras, completed on 26th October 1932 and announced in the 5th November edition of Izvestiya.
The 1927 the Ukrainian police entrusted Makarenko with the task of building the Dzerzhinsky Workers`Commune in Kharkov. (Named after Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky - FED - the founder the Soviet secret police.)
1934 - Engraving Type l,
Labour Commune
Initially there were problems with the lacquer. Several earlier models with polished surface and smooth leather are known. These early models had no accessory shoe. Approximately 4000 cameras were produced in the first year.
1935 - Engraving Type ll,
Labour Commune NKVD - Ukr.SSR
In July 1934, responsibility for the police was transferred to NKVD, which was also responsible for the Dzerzhinsky Commune from then on. This change is reflected in the addition of 'NKVD - Ukr.SSR' to the engraving. (Ukr. stands for Ukraine.) Annual production reached 12,000. The 25,000th Fed was produced in 1936.
1939 - Engraving Type lll,
NKVD - USSR (CCCP) Kharkov Kombinat
The commune became a kombinat, which was reflected in another change in the engraving. The Ukraine lost its independence, which is documented by the change to 'USSR'.
The same year saw the 100,000th FED. Sovietskoye Foto honoured the occasion with the announcement that "100,000 Soviet amateurs and professional photographers now own a Soviet Leica". In September, 1941 the FED factory was evacuated to Novosibirsk, Siberia, fleeing just a few steps of the advancing German Wehrmacht. On 25th October 1941 Karkhov was occupied and the factory was completely destroyed.
1939 - Engraving Type lV,
Rebuilding started in late 1945 and production was resumed in late 1946. The kombinat became a factory, which was again reflected in the engraving.
The shutter speeds were altered to the international norm of 1/25, 1/50 etc., and B.
1939 - Engraving Type V, and 1953 - Type Vl,
Fed Logo
The NKVD was reorganised into the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) in 1946. The well-known FED logo appeared for the first time, initially with the addition Factory named after F.E.Dzerzhinsky but this was dropped in 1953 On the Type Vl.
Production of the Leica 2 copy continued until 1955. The FEDs produced over the preceeding 21 years had the following characteristics:
On all FED Leica 2 copies, the engravings on the camera body were not filled with black. The same applied to the lenses, with the exception of the distance scale on the Elmar copies.
No FED Leica 2 copy was synchronised at the production staghe.
All FEDs had a maximum shutter speed of 1/500, with the exception of a run of around 40 FED-Bs with slow shutter speeds and 1/1000, and the FED-C with 1/1000 which was produced in small numbers between 1938 and 1941.

Camera body
Take up spool
Accessories for Leica Cameras
Years of production 1934-1955
Year of release ***
Covering of the body Chrome
Condition EXC+



Price: sold


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